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The younger generation within Atlanta can oneday look-back and notify their grandkids in regards to the great tradition of planning to see-the lighting of the fantastic Macys Pine; but can they realize the complete narrative? Will they realize that the illumination of a good shrub in Atlanta began long ago in 1948? May they realize that it was started by the popular Prosperous household who possessed probably the most productive and earliest retail department store in Atlanta? The older technology will have a way to tell of (and relive) the numerous thoughts of years past when Richs decided they just couldnt do enough for their buyers; without honoring Christmas not just throughout their outlets; but on top of one of these. This shop equally as much was adored by mentioned correspondent for your Atlanta Journal Structure, Celestine Sibley as thousands. And she wrote a guide about it. Only termed, ” An Picture of Rich’s, Pricey Shop.” Her tiny book has assisted to document and recreate these valuable memories of that Richs Departmentstore embodied. Great writer that she was, Celestine was at selecting the ideal words very great; and her book’s subject was a real manifestation of how a individuals of Atlanta believed about Richs – loving. Richs first exposed in 1867 and quickly turned an Atlanta company until its final in 2005.

This kind of interview-style is rarer than others because it is just a tad unorthodox.

And now seven decades later, people nevertheless maintain this retailer dear to their minds. In case you are one particular, you’ll find kindred spirits on Facebook wherever persons enjoy expressing their unique good memories of Richs.!/groups/65299721755/ It was Richs that began of illumination a massive outdoor shrub along with the Gem Fill that expanded across Forsyth Road in Atlanta, the history? The connection linked Richs Principal Retailer with their Richs Shop for Residences. But, first there needed to be a connection? The Crystal Fill was the brain child of Dick Wealthy ancestry Morris Rich, of the first president. Later the link could get to be the motivation for that tree. He was over a special vision for that Specific Economic Management for that Airforce in Brazil, where he visualized an entire new-store having a bridge across Forsyth Road called the Crystal Bridge and he sent a memo back. Before each Christmas, the clear glass was developed to truly have the look of stain glass which was thus common throughout Atlanta in several of her tiny and huge churches. To adjoining surfaces, the five floor link served like a connector in the five various floors during normal function across the street inside the shop for properties.

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And never have to return back outside folks could look from keep to the different. In addition they employed this added walk-way for features and income for additional vacations and months. But just http://darwinessay.net/ from numerous churches, each floor could become a particular loft for hundreds of singers prior to Thanksgiving around Atlanta. It was someone else who came up with the notion of positioning a massive pine on the very top although Rich was accountable for the new-store, and the bridge to be constructed. This could be the individual originally responsible has not become specific. Some say that it was just a pure recommendation in one of the secretaries long-ago overlooked. Another legend has it that an imaginative advertising staff, Frederick Guilllozet, created the idea. But according to David Rickerson of Richs Poster Division (and accountable for the tree annually), said it had been Frank Pallotta scalp of the Style & Screen Section while in the Shop for Houses who upon causing the store one-night looked up and said, “Lord, just what a location to get a Christmas Tree!” they are just happy that someone had it; although the residents of Atlanta might never realize whose thought it was for certain. And thankful that for a great number of decades, that Richs acted on it.

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Atlanta was known by Celestine Sibley. And she understood who had been who in Atlanta. She often did actually know facts too. In 1967, she composed this guide about Richs and the last chapter is named, “The Fantastic Tree!” She states, that the ideas for that shrub would begin years that are possibly even although as early as May before. ” Fantastic Pine” had turn into a classic symbol of Christmas and Christmas with their buyers. They’d arrived at expect it. Every year their store windows (which wrapped around the stop) wouldbe adorned with numerous Holiday moments. An even following the shop was shut, people would just walk-around the sidewalks of the big retailer admiring all-the initiatives of the skilled window desks; because they were called back then.

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This is generally known as ” window shopping!” These shows that were elaborate were made for the joy that was customers; but additionally to attract them to return in to the retailer to view the splendor’s rest. Everyone remember the stop screen screen that is lengthy with all the current various-sized bells that one could all hear band throughout Atlanta? Richs Departmentstore was the all-time wizard in advertising for their consumers. Adam Rickerson, of the Poster Department, was of selecting the best shrub therefore it might be secured, rigged, transported, provided, and furnished in charge. Since the narrative is informed, he had been in a medical facility; as well as a secretary that was extremely diligent messed up him; but also for excellent. In her zeal to accomplish a good work, she cleaned his table that was messy off. (Assistants, dont previously do this without being questioned the shock you receive wont often be understanding out of your boss who through every one of the mess “knows where everything is!”) While David returned to his workplace, he started preparing for the five month trial – you start with the ” hunt ” Then he identified she’d extracted eighteen years accumulation of his blueribbon leads for that ” Tree that was Great!” All-the small moves of paper together with his records were eliminated.

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While he arrived at his workplace, he was cited as declaring, ” wherever will be the trees Where would be the trees ” Since Richs used anything (also back then), he knew the place where he needed to begin – in the subterranean bowels of the store where they obtained and baled report for salvage – every bit of report coming from the store. He used overalls and invested two times going right through wet towels, sagging paper bags aged memos and purchase blanks trying to find his slides of document. He had to give up. These leftovers of document symbolized thousands of kilometers trying to find the shrub that was perfect. Their records weren’t merely important for increasing bushes that could be considered later on; but in addition the present shrub. He produced those records as he sailed all-over Sc, Georgia, North Carolina, Tn, and also Kentucky trying to find just the right pine. 000 people obtained while in the avenue on that Thanksgiving Night, 150 could not be disappointed by Richs. So he had to begin throughout. The tree that is chosen required unique qualifications to be considered.

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On a tree look, John could start off in September if it is still not cold. The research could get 3 or 4 days and up to 2,000 miles. Its measurements were examined with as much focus as that Miss Americas according to Ms. Sibley whenever a shrub was discovered. The tree must not be at least 60-feet short some had been 70 feet – spread of 35-feet at starting toward top. The tree’s youth was crucial. As it needed resilience in order not to separate beneath the load of lights and ornaments it must be about 25 to 30 years-old. (I personally observed this tree at eye level atop the link which time the wind was really fast and the ones massive arrangements and lamps were swinging mightily forward and backward).

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Where crews might perform to take along it, the pine needed to be in a location. They chosen 2 or 3 possible bushes. Price taken care of pine in those times was from $100 to $250; with all the genuine shifting taking place in the November that is middle. As an essential undertaking performed by the US Military Corp of Engineers preparing shrub needed to be done-with precisely the same precision. Once 90-year old-lady wrote that she had a tree she would exchange for goods she claimed, “I would like so many points worse than I would like that old forest within the pastureSend your men that hunt bushes to see me.” His wife had not been; although another story of a male from South Carolina wrote that he had been prepared to offer his pine. But she had relented and mentioned she wouldnt let anyone. And he included a PS: ” Its a little sparser than when you observed it, because of the curse!” The problem that is most common was people overestimating the top many thought their shrub was 70 feet high when it could have been merely 30. But Adam said they were kept by him all under surveillance.

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The pine needed to be carefully girdled to ensure divisions were not cracked using a 20 ton crane to maneuver it into a minimal- son. Then it’d to become relocated at midnight in order to avoid traffic. After it was transferred through Atlanta and down Street another crane of 90 feet having 30-foot expansion had to be employed. Then scaffolding was constructed to begin the decorating. The star was 7-feet large cleaned and renovated annually. It had 285 ornaments basketballs’ size containing 60 watt bulbs. (previously I owned a meal dome and menu made from the shape which was used-to produce the big balls.

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The mold had been bought by somebody and employed these cake owners to be made by it. I thought of Richs everytime and liked it for many years I applied it. Sorry it got from me somehow sorry E-bay.) The pine had 500 twinkle lights, 2 and 2000 five- silver decorations which mirrored the lights. It needed four kilometers of lights 21. It required two days simply to create all of the electrical contacts. Individuals with walkietalkies from every angle documented need for placement and improvements of the accessories. It would drink 10 gallons of water after that to the first time and 4 gallons each day. Supplements are added to the water.

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It also had a thermostat to soften any ideal or snow which may land to the offices. Though all this took place, choirs allover Atlanta were repeating and getting ready for the major night. There have been several things that needed to come together on the night of the display. Dinner was served by Richs while in the Magnolia Room for that nearly 300 individuals while in the wedding. They had to have systems and elevators ready, and they also needed to make certain there have been enough racks for folks to hold their jackets. Ahead of the ceremony, Richs made arrangements with different firms to douse their lamps. Automobile traffic was closed on Forsyth Street and employees of the stores needed to run around with torches in their fingers to light the way in which of those involved in the supplements. There wouldbe as many as 125 exclusive guests including City officials the Mayor, along with the Governor who’d be put into a unique site on top of the Shop.

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It was generally cold, as well as the royals would obtain hot caffeine and chocolate that is warm. The crowds would begin gathering well before the effectiveness occasion. You would discover people from all walks of lifestyle the small, the aged, the babies in carriages, preschoolers sitting atop their shoulders that are fathers, the impaired inside their wheelchairs; and also the blind being directed around by family. They all would be waiting with objectives that were fantastic, people removed for the first words to become talked. There will be a hush beginning throughout the crowd at the voice of Bob Van an original organist for WSB who was also a radio announcer. And he’d begin. “And it came to complete in days past, that there sought out a decree from Caesar Augustus.

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Then as he see the Christmas Story the primary voices heard in result will be the voices of the youngsters from the bridge that is cheapest. Then he’d study more Scripture and also the choir that is next would sing around the second-level. It would proceed before the end-of the Holiday Story; and by then the music might have traveled in the lowest towards the topmost choir to the 5th floor. And then the moment that everybody waited for when the last terms of the Scripture was read, a switch was placed to the fame of the night atmosphere and Lord, as well as the choirs might start singing, “Silent Night, Holy Night all-is tranquil all is brilliant along with the group under would chime in with their comments 150,000 sounds singing of the first Holiday night. Atlanta had been officially begun in by Holiday. It was an occasion of deep psychic sensations and also start of the Christ Child, the “reason behind the season’s recognition!” And also the gleam of that morning would remain through the Christmas Period in those in attendance’s spirits. And if everyone insulted or was hurt by this display honoring the Start of Christ, they may just stay home. Also to believe Richs was actually started by Morris Rich a Hungarian born Jew, in 1867; and of most issues! This guy probably did more at the conclusion of the Conflict than every other simple human being for the restoration of the south.

It’s crucial to the point and also that release words are transient.

After his death, the store dropped to others within the family in sequence till on that deadly day March 5, 2005 a miserable morning for your folks for certain a depressing time in Richs Department-Store doors were closed forever. There will never be another retailer like Richs. There were no shopping locations in these early days, and every one of the individuals from surrounding towns and locations came to Atlanta todo their Christmas shopping. You can simply experience love Holiday, and joy in the atmosphere. The enthusiasm, the hustle the music, the scents of Holiday prepared the spirits of the customers. Other businesses would inquire why it was that Richs went along to so much trouble on that nighttime when there is nothing on the market; and also the answer comes, “100 years of the-building.” This store only cared about their practices as well as people. Those who have only acknowledged the Fantastic Tree that is Macys will for a while remember the fun they’d growing up; but individuals who experienced a chilly nighttime on Forsyth Block in every those years past honors Christmas’ Nature that permeated the very air and their souls.

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El Tribunal de Justicia de la UE invalida la Decisión que ampara el Puerto Seguro con EEUU

En el seno de un caso iniciado por el joven abogado austriaco Max Schrems contra Facebook, el TSJUE ha emitido una sentencia en virtud de la cual invalida la Decisión 2000/520/CE de la Comisión, de 26 de julio de 2000, con arreglo a la Directiva 95/46, sobre la adecuación de la protección conferida por los principios de puerto seguro para la protección de la vida privada. Esto es, deja sin validez el conocido como acuerdo de safe harbor para las transferencias de datos entre Europa y EEUU.

Los Principios de puerto seguro -protección de la vida privada- fueron publicados por el Departamento de Comercio de EEUU para facilitar el comercio y las transacciones entre EEUU y la UE. Son de utilización exclusiva por las entidades estadounidenses que reciben datos personales de la UE, al efecto de reunir los requisitos de puerto seguro y obtener la correspondiente presunción de adecuación. El funcionamiento de la Decisión 2000/520/CE se basa en los compromisos y la autocertificación de las entidades que lo han suscrito, siendo sus reglas vinculantes para aquellas entidades que voluntariamente las suscriban.

Paso a analizar el caso de forma resumida.

Como es sabido, toda persona residente en la UE que desee utilizar Facebook está obligada a concluir, en el momento de su inscripción, un contrato con Facebook Ireland, filial de Facebook Inc., domiciliada en EEUU. Los datos personales de los usuarios de Facebook Ireland se transfieren, parcial o totalmente, a servidores pertenecientes a Facebook Inc., situados en EEUU, donde son objeto de tratamiento.

Como consecuencia de lo anterior, en 2013 Max Schrems presentó una reclamación ante la autoridad irlandesa de protección de datos en la que le solicitaba que ejerciera sus competencias estatutarias. Concretamente, le exigía que prohibiese a Facebook Ireland transferir sus datos personales a EEUU ya que, a su entender, el Derecho y las prácticas vigentes en EEUU no garantizaban una protección suficiente de los datos personales conservados en aquel territorio contra las actividades de vigilancia practicadas en él por las autoridades públicas (léase, la NSA).

La autoridad irlandesa de protección de datos rechazó la reclamación de Max Schrems al entender que, en un escenario de puerto seguro, EEUU asegura un nivel de protección adecuado. Debido a esta decisión, el agraviado interpuso recurso ante el High Court irlandés, que entendió que lo que realmente se estaba solicitando era la ilicitud del régimen de puerto seguro establecido por la Decisión 2000/520/CE.

La sentencia del TSJUE establece que la Directiva 95/46, entendida a la luz de la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la UE, debe interpretarse en el sentido de que una Decisión adoptada en virtud de la referida disposición, como es la Decisión 2000/520/CE, no puede impedir que una autoridad de control de un Estado miembro de la UE examine la solicitud de una persona relativa a la protección de sus derechos y libertades frente al tratamiento de los datos personales que le conciernen que se hayan transferido desde un Estado miembro a ese tercer país, cuando esa persona alega que el Derecho y las prácticas en vigor en éste no garantizan un nivel de protección adecuado. Y argumenta que la Decisión 2000/520/CE no contiene ninguna constatación sobre la existencia en EEUU de reglas estatales destinadas a limitar las posibles injerencias en los derechos fundamentales de las personas cuyos datos se transfieran desde la UE a EEUU, injerencias que están autorizadas a llevar a cabo entidades estatales de ese país cuando persigan fines legítimos, como la seguridad nacional. En virtud de lo anterior, concluye que la Decisión 2000/520/CE no protege jurídicamente y de forma eficaz contra injerencias de esa naturaleza.

Adicionalmente, la sentencia recuerda que la CE constató, entre otras cuestiones, lo siguiente:

  • Que las autoridades estadounidenses podían acceder a los datos personales transferidos desde la UE a EEUU y tratarlos de manera incompatible con las finalidades de esa transferencia, lo cual excedía de lo que es estrictamente necesario y proporcionado para la protección de la seguridad nacional.
  • Que las personas afectadas por dicho tratamiento no disponían de vías jurídicas, ni administrativas ni judiciales, que les permitieran acceder a los datos que les conciernen y obtener, en su caso, su rectificación o supresión. En particular, considera que una normativa que permite a las autoridades públicas acceder de forma generalizada al contenido de las comunicaciones electrónicas lesiona el contenido esencial del derecho fundamental al respeto de la vida privada.

Por todo lo anterior, el TSJUE resuelve que la Decisión 2000/520/CE es inválida por vulnerar las exigencias establecidas por la Directiva 95/46 y la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la UE.

La autoridad irlandesa de protección de datos deberá ahora examinar la reclamación de Max Schrems y decidir si, de conformidad a la Directiva 95/46, la transferencia de datos de Facebook Ireland a Facebook Inc. debe ser suspendida por no reunir el país de destino de los datos un nivel de protección adecuado.

A continuación los enlaces a la sentencia, a las conclusiones del Abogado General y a la Petición de decisión prejudicial planteada por la High Court of Ireland.

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Recopilaciones de normas jurídicas con una temática común (boe.es)

Esta mañana estuve comentando con un amigo, Sergio Carrasco, sobre jurídicas.com y el uso reiterado que le doy a esta web para consultar normativa consolidada. Me comentó que le ha salido competencia fuerte.

Quería compartir con vosotros una web que, al menos yo, hacía tiempo que no revisaba por la usabilidad poco amigable que tuvo durante bastante tiempo: boe.es

Me ha sorprendido el cambio de rumbo a web 2.0 que ha dado (me recuerda al de páginas como la CNMC -antigua CMT- o la AGPD). Ofrece no sólo normativa consolidada sino también recopilaciones de normas jurídicas con una temática común (por ejemplo, sobre derecho al olvido), que pueden descargarse en formato pdf y epub de forma gratuita.
Aunque soy consciente que muchos compañeros ya estaban al tanto, espero que sea de interés para alguno de vosotros.
Publicado en: miguelangelmata.com

La Ley 3/2014 modifica el Texto Refundido de Defensa de Consumidores y Usuarios

Con fecha 28 de marzo de 2014 entró en vigor en el BOE la Ley 3/2014, de 27 de marzo, por la que se modifica el texto refundido de la Ley General para la Defensa de los Consumidores y Usuarios.

A continuación las modificaciones a destacar:

  • Se armoniza la definición de “consumidor y usuario” y de “empresario”. Junto a lo anterior, se incorporan nuevas definiciones para dar claridad a la interpretación de la Ley. Entre otras, “contrato de venta”, “contrato de servicios”, “contrato complementario”, “establecimiento mercantil”, “soporte duradero”, “servicio financiero”, “subasta pública”, “contenido digital” o “garantía comercial”.
  • En relación a la tramitación de las reclamaciones, los servicios de atención al cliente deberán asegurar que el consumidor tenga constancia de una reclamación que hubiera impuesto (i.e. mediante entrega de clave identificativa). Si la atención es telefónica o electrónica se debe garantizar una atención personal directa. Asimismo, los empresarios deberán dar respuesta a las reclamaciones recibidas en un plazo máximo de 1 mes.
  • Se considera infracción en materia de defensa de los consumidores y usuarios la obstrucción o negativa a suministrar las condiciones generales de la contratación por parte del empresario.
  • Se refuerza la información a suministrar al consumidor con carácter previo a la formalización del contrato. Así, adicionalmente a las ya existentes se incluyen algunas novedades. A título enunciativo, se deberá de informar de la existencia y las condiciones de los depósitos u otras garantías financieras que, en su caso, tengan que pagar o aportar a solicitud del empresario, incluidas aquellas por las que se bloquee un importe en la tarjeta de crédito o débito del consumidor. También se deberá informar de la existencia de la garantía legal, de las condiciones de los servicios posventa y de las garantías comerciales que otorguen, en su caso. Además, en los contratos de suministro de contenido digital, se deberá informar de las distintas formas de utilización del mismo y de cualquier limitación técnica (i.e. DRM o de interoperabilidad, aparatos y los programas estándar con los que el contenido digital es compatible, etc.).
  • Se regula, conjuntamente, los contratos celebrados a distancia y los contratos celebrados fuera del establecimiento mercantil.
  • Se regula, de forma más amplia, del derecho de desistimiento en los contratos celebrados a distancia y los contratos celebrados fuera del establecimiento, siendo necesario que exista un formulario normalizado que el consumidor podrá utilizar opcionalmente y ampliando el plazo para su ejercicio a 14 naturales. En caso de que el empresario no facilite al consumidor la información sobre el derecho de desistimiento, se amplía el plazo para desistir del contrato hasta 12 meses después de la fecha de expiración del periodo inicial.
  • En relación con el uso de medios de pago por parte de los consumidores, se prohíbe a los empresarios el cobro de cargos que excedan el coste soportado por éstos por el uso de tales medios de pago.
  • En el caso de los contratos telefónicos, si el empresario llama por teléfono al consumidor para celebrar un contrato a distancia, deberá informar de su identidad y el objetivo comercial de la misma. Además, deberá confirmar la oferta al consumidor por escrito. El consumidor sólo quedará vinculado una vez que haya aceptado la oferta mediante su firma o mediante el envío de su acuerdo por escrito, en papel o mediante correo electrónico, fax o SMS.

Por supuesto, no son éstas las únicas modificaciones incluidas y, como es recomendable, deberá leerse detenidamente el contenido de cada uno de los artículos y esperar, para aquellos sobre los que se susciten dudas, cómo se interpretará por los tribunales competentes.

Podéis descargar el texto aquí.

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Plan de acción, desde la Comisión Europea, sobre el juego online

El juego online, en el seno de la UE, se caracteriza por la diversidad de las normas nacionales. A pesar de la obligación de los Estados miembros de cumplir la normativa de la UE, éstos pueden limitar la prestación de algunos o de todos los tipos de servicios de juego en línea sobre la base de objetivos de interés público que se intentan proteger en relación con el juego.

La Comisión hace público hoy un plan de acción, que consta de una serie de iniciativas para los dos próximos años encaminadas a clarificar la regulación del juego online y a fomentar la cooperación entre los Estados miembros. No se propone una normativa comunitaria sobre el juego online, sino un amplio conjunto de principios comunes y medidas en el ámbito de la protección.

Con esta iniciativa se pretende que los consumidores estén protegidos (especialmente lo menores de edad), y se trata de evitar el blanqueo de dinero y el fraude. Concretamente, la Comisión adoptará tres recomendaciones dirigidas a los Estados miembros:

  • La protección común de los consumidores,
  • La publicidad responsable del juego y
  • La prevención y la lucha contra el amaño de partidos debido a apuestas.

Estaremos atentos para ver cómo evoluciona esta interesante iniciativa…

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Se declaran nulas determinadas cláusulas de las Condiciones Generales de Iberia

El pasado 11 de septiembre de 2012, el Juzgado de lo Mercantil nº 12 de Madrid dictó sentencia (descargar en PDF) en la que estimaba parcialmente la demanda interpuesta por la Organización de Consumidores y Usuarios (OCU) contra Iberia.

A través de su demanda, la OCU ha conseguido que se declaren nulas (por considerarse abusivas) las siguientes cláusulas incluidas en las Condiciones Generales de Contratación de Iberia:

  • En caso de necesidad el transportista pude hacerse sustituir por otro transportista, utilizar aviones de terceros o modificar o suprimir escalas previstas en el billete. El transportista, salvo que otra cosa se indique en el billete, no asume la responsabilidad de garantizar los enlaces con otro vuelo en el punto de destino“. El Juzgado entiende que se trata de una exclusión de responsabilidad injustificada por parte de la aerolínea.
  • Dependiendo del tipo de tarifa, clase de servicio, estancia en destino, oferta, etc.  pude realizar su reserva para vuelos de ida o vuelta. Independientemente de la tarifa aplicada, si alguno de los trayectos comprados no se usa, automáticamente se cancelarán los trayectos restantes comprendidos en el mismo billete”. El Juzgado entiende que se trata de una potestad sin una justificación razonable para la compañía.
  • Iberia se verá obligada a rechazar el embarque a pasajeros con billetes bonificados que no puedan aportar el título de familia numerosa”. El razonamiento es el que sigue: las familias numerosas pueden acreditar dicha condición no solamente mediante el título de familia numerosa sino también a través del documento individual en vigor, expedido por la Comunidad Autónoma competente (Orden FOM/3837/2006). En segundo lugar, la sentencia considera desproporcionado que Iberia impida el embarque (y la pérdida de los billetes) de una familia numerosa por no presentar el título.

Sólo recordar que se trata de un fallo que no es firme y sí susceptible de apelación ante la Audiencia Provincial de Madrid. Entiendo que Iberia recurrirá.

Publicado en: miguelangelmata.com